If you are not aware of this, all energy sources have some sort of impact to the environment. Non renewable energy sources like fossil fuels, oil, coal and gas cause more harm to the environment when compared to renewable energy sources. Common renewable energy sources include air, and water. The non renewable energy sources cause air pollution, water pollution, public health damage, habitat loss, poor water use, global warming emission, habitat loss and other environmental issues. even though renewal sources of energy have been praised for their availability. They also cause come level of harm to the environment.
The type of impact caused by the renewable energy sources will depend on the geographical location and type of energy used among other factors. The easiest way to understand the type of impact and environmental issued caused by the energy sources is to study their harvest and use. The more you understand about the potential environmental issues the faster we can come up with solutions to minimise these impacts.
Wind power is harnessed from the air. It is considered one of the cleanest ways to harvest electricity. Wind does not produce any toxic global warming emissions during harvesting and manufacture. This form of renewable energy is affordable abundant and inexhaustible. My only issue with wind power harnessing is that it takes up a lot of space. The turbines are positions in flat areas with plenty of space. They also affect the wildlife habitat of the air. The rate of bird and bat deaths has also increased in areas where wind turbines are built. For people living around the areas, the wind turbines have caused numerous sound and visual impacts.
The sun is also a great source for generating clean and sustainable electricity. Some of the environmental impacts associated with solar electrical production include and use, water use, and habitat loss. Many companies use hazardous material to purify and clean the semi conductor surfaces. The chemicals used here are pretty similar to those used in non renewable electrical production. The good thing is, there is no global emission from the production of electricity with solar energy.
Geothermal power is also a renewable source of energy that I used in electrical production. The most common geothermal plants are found near hot spots. These are areas near to the earths’ crust with molten rock. They produce binary, steam and flash which are used in electricity and energy production. These renewable energy sources have a large impact on water consumption and quality. The water pumped from underground has high levels of salt, minerals and sulphur which may be very harmful to the environment. Even so, there are no reported cases of water contamination from such plants.
Biomass power plants are used in electrical production. Biomass shares a lot of similarities to fossil fuel plants, for one, they both involve combustion for electricity generation. Biomass has an impact on the air and water. They raise some concerns over pollution but it is not as alarming as that of fossil fuel combustion. The one thing that sets biomass apart from fossil fuels is that it is highly renewable while fossil fuels are non renewable energy sources.